Plastic surgery restores and improves function, as well as appearance. It can involve surgery on any part of the anatomy, except the central nervous system, including:
Skin, including skin cancer, scars, burns, birthmarks, and tattoo removal
Maxillofacial (the facial skeleton)
Congenital anomalies, including deformed ears, cleft palate, and cleft lip
What does plastic surgery include?
Plastic surgery includes both reconstructive and aesthetic (cosmetic) procedures:
Reconstructive plastic surgery
In general, reconstructive surgery is done on abnormal structures of the body that may be caused by:
Congenital (present at birth) anomalies
Cosmetic (aesthetic) plastic surgery
Cosmetic surgery is done to repair or reshape otherwise normal structures of the body, generally, to improve appearance.